Objective To analyze and compare the clinical efficacy and advantage between two treatments methods for chronic anal fissure. Methods Divided 96 patients with chronic anal fissure into two groups based on the odd and even numbers of treatment order: 48 patients in study group received sequential anal dilation and microwave treatment, and 48 patients in control group received posterior internal sphincterotomy. The blood loss in operation, wound healing time, wound infection rate, anal infection rate, anal control, postoperative defecation function, anal stenosis rate, and the recurrence rate between the two groups were compared and analyzed. Results Blood loss and wound healing time were less in study group than those in control group (Plt;0.01). Anal control was better in study group than that in control group (Plt;0.05). There were no occurrences of wound infection or anal infection, and the defecation function was improved in both of the two groups. There was no recurrence after one year follow-up in both of the two groups. Anal stenosis rate in study group is lower than that in control group (Plt;0.01). Conclusion The technique of sequential anal dilation and microwave treatment can reduce pain, and is simple, effective, and worthy of promotion.
Objective To assess the curative effect of percutem transilluminated with negative pressured on the potaried technique on the treatment of venous ulcer in lower extremity. Methods The clinical date of 300 cases involving 300 legs with venous ulcer in lower extremity， who underwent the percutum transilluminated negative pressured potaried technique using TRIVEXTM Ⅱ potaried system or the percutum transfixion surgical treatment from October 2005 to June 2009, were analyzed. Three hundred cases were randomly divided into potaried group and transfixion group. In potaried group, there were 190 cases involving 190 legs treated with TRIVEXTM Ⅱ potaried system. In transfixion group, 110 cases involving 110 legs treated with percutum transfixion. The clinical indexes of skin infection rate and skin necrosis rate, shrinkage rate of wound area and skin depigmentation rate, ulcer healing rate and ulcer recurrence rate were calculated to assess the clinical curative effect on day 5, day 20, day 120 and day 360 after operation respectively. Results The rates of skin infection and skin necrosis were significantly decreased in potaried group compared with transfixion group on day 5 after operation (P＜0.05), the rates of shrinkage of wound area and skin depigmentation were significantly increased in potaried group compared with transfixion group on day 20 (P＜0.05). The ulcer healing rate was not significantly different between the two groups on day 120 (Pgt;0.05). Ulcer recurrence rate was remarkably lower in potaried group than that in transfixion group on day 360 (P＜0.05). Conclusion It can be concluded that percutem transilluminated with negatived pressured on the potaried technique with TRIVEXTM Ⅱ potaried system can efficiently promote the healing of venous ulcer in the lower extremity, and at the same time it has an ascendancy in lessening skin infection and skin reinjury.
Objective To evaluate the efficacy and safety of whole lung lavage in the treatment of pulmonary alveolar proteinosis ( PAP) .Methods Twelve patients who were diagnosed as PAP from September 2008 to October 2011 in Hunan Occupational Disease Hospital were recruited in the study. The changes of dyspnea symptom, lung-function, arterial blood gas, and chest image were compared before and after whole lung lavage treatment. Meanwhile, the safety of lung lavage was evaluated. Results All patients were relieved from dyspnea. The lung function, hypoxia, hyperventilation, and chest image were all obviously improved. The vital signs in the process of lung lavage were stable without serious complications. Conclusion Whole lung lavage is an effective and safe treatment for PAP.
Objective To summarize the experience of the surgical treatment of total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC) in 31 cases，so as to elevate the operative effect. Methods The total corrected operation under moderate hypothermic cardiopulmonary bypass were performed in 31 cases with TAPVC. Site of drainage was supracardiac (n=16),cardiac(n=13)and mixed(n=2). Other accompanying congenital cardiac malformations were diagnosed such as atrial septal defect(n=31), patent ductus arteriosus(n=4), pulmonic stenosis(n=1), mitral regurgitation(n=1), tricuspid regurgitation (n=15)，etc. Results No hospital death was observed in the early period of operation (30 d). Complication occurred in 8 cases (25.8%), such as paroxysm of nodal rhythm(n=1), Ⅰ° atrial ventricular block(n=1), frequently atrial premature beats and paroxysm of auricular tachycardia(n=1),pulmonary infection(n=2),atelectasis(n=1), pneumatothorax (n=1), left diaphragmatic paralysis and pulmonary infection with tracheal reintubation (n=1),etc. All of them discharged after active therapy. All of 31 cases was followed up, followup time was 2.8±1.5 years. 30 cases were living (96.7%) and 1 case died of heart failure 8 months after operation. 2 cases had auricular arrhythmia with a bad medical effect. 28 cases(93.3%) had normal heart function and they could work and live normally after discharged. Conclusion Surgical procedure should be based on individual abnormality for TAPVC.Surgeons should take care not only of the stenosis of anastomotic stoma,but also of the arrhythmia after operation.Satisfied correction of the abnormality is important and the curative effect of those cases is approving.
Objective To investigate the treatment and therapeutic efficacy of intra-articular meniscal cysts by arthroscopy. Methods From January 2005 to December 2009, 9 cases of intra-articular meniscal cysts were treated by arthroscopy, including 5 males and 4 females, with an average age of 33.8 years (range, 24-46 years). Six patients suffered in left knees, 3 in right ones. Just 1 case had trauma history, the others had no obvious predisposing causes. The average course of the disease was 24.2 months (range, 4-36 months). The Lysholm score was (74.2 ± 11.6) points. Arthroscopy showed that the locations of cysts were the anterior horn of lateral meniscus in 8 cases and the anterior horn of medial meniscus in 1 case; all being single cyst (of them, 3 being multilocular cyst). Results All incisions healed primarily with no compl ications of infection and joint effusion. All 9 patients were followed up from 3 to 48 months with an average of 12.7 months. Preoperative symptoms disappeared or reduced and the range of motion of the knee returned to normal. TheLysholm score was (95.1 ± 3.4) points after 3 months of operation, showing significant difference (P lt; 0.01) when compared with the socre before operation. According to assessment standard described by Choy, the treatment outcome was excellent in 6 cases, good in 2 cases, and general in 1 case; the excellent and good rate was 88.9%. No recurrence was found during follow-up. Conclusion Arthroscopic surgery shows the advantages to maintain good function of knee for the treatment of meniscal cyst, it is the best choice for intra-articular meniscal cysts because of its mini-trauma, rapid recovery, thorough treatment and less recurrence. Simultaneously, partial or tatol meniscectomy or menicus repairing under arthroscopy is performed.
Objective To retrospectively analyze the clinical and imaging features of multi-segmental lumbar intervertebral disc protrusion and its treatment with the limited recessive decompression operation. Methods Twenty two patients (14 males and 8 females, aged 49-68 years) were admitted to hospital from March 1999 to March 2004. They suffered from multisegmental lumbar intervertebral disc protrusion that involved L1S1 and were treated with the limited recessive decompression operation. Results The follow-up for 4-21 months showed that 16 of the patients had an excellent outcome, 5 had a good outcome, and 1 had fair outcome. There were nosuch operative complications as nerve root lesions and putamen lesions. Conclusion The limited recessive decompression operation is one of the available good treatments for multi-segmental lumbar intervertebral disc protrusion. It solves problems of herniation and stenosis and maintains stability ofthe spine.
Objective To study some related factors of effect on gluteus muscle contraction and provide the therapeutic basis. Methods The curative effect was assessed in 154 patients who were classified by age, patient’s condition, orthopedic degree in operation and rehabilitation with an average follow-up period of 25 months(ranging from 5 to 36 months).Results The excellent rate of 18-24 years old (25/30) was lower than that of 5 -17 years old(120/124) (Plt;0.05); the excellent rate of slight patients was higher (107/109) than that of serious patients (38/45) (Plt;0.01); the excellent rate from higher orthopedic degree was higher(111/113) than that from lower orthopedic degree(34/41) (Plt;0.01); and the excellent rate of rehabilitation was much higher (107/110) than that of general treatment (38/44) （Plt;0.05）. Conclusion Age, patient’s condition, orthopedic degree in operation and rehabilitation are important factors to affect the curative effect on gluteu muscle contraction.
Objective To evaluate the clinical effect of staging endovascular angioplasty in treatment for iliofemoral venous post-thrombotic syndrome （PTS）. Methods The clinical data of 45 patients with iliofemoral venous PTS from May 2008 to October 2011 in this hospital were analyzed retrospectively. After the identification of the stenosis or occlusion by angiography via femoral vein by percutaneous puncture or incision puncture， recanalization of the occlusion was done by guide wire. Then the percutaneous transluminal angioplasty （PTA） was performed. Results A total of 45 cases （45 legs） had been undergone PTA. The procedures were technically successful in all the patients. No serious complications such as lumen rupture happened. Follow-up time was 6-30 months with （18.06±3.12） months， the symptoms of the affected limb were obviously relieved in 31 cases， partly relieved in 10 cases， not relieved in 4 cases. Reexamination of venous angiography， 9 cases were cured， 18 cases were excellent， 14 cases were improved， 4 cases were ineffective. The total effective rate was 91.11% （41/45）. Conclusion PTA is a safe and effective method in treatment for iliofemoral venous PTS.
Objective To evaluate the clinical curative effect of early enteral nutrition （EN） in gastric cancer patients after operation and its safety. Methods One hundred and eighty patients with gastric cancer diagnosed and underwent surgical treatment in gastrointestinal surgery center， West China Hospital from February 2011 to December 2011 were studied prospectively， who were randomly divided into EN group （n=91） and parenteral nutrition （PN） group （n=89）. The nutrition state， rehabilitation， hospital stay， cost of nutrition in hospital， and complications were observed. Results ①According to the postoperative serum nutrition index， there were no significant differences in the prealbumin， hemoglobin， and ratio of albumin to globulin in two groups （P＞0.05）， but the albumin level in the EN group was significantlyhigher than that in the PN group （P=0.047）. ②According to the postoperative rehabilitation index， the first ambulation time （P=0.011）， first intake time （P=0.000）， first nasogastric tube away time （P=0.013）， first drainage tube away time （P=0.021）， and first urinary catheter away time （P=0.002） in the EN group were significantly shorter than those in the PN group. The difference of the first anus exhaust time was not statistically significant in two groups （P=0.083）. ③The cost of nutrition in hospital in the EN group was significantly less than that in the PN group （P=0.017）. The postoperative hospital stay and total complication rate were not significant differences in two groups （P＞0.05）. Conclusion Early postoperative EN is effective， economic， practical， which might be superior to PN.
Objective To explore the curative effect of surgical treatment for primary liver cancer with portal vein tumor thrombus（PVTT）. Methods The clinical data of 227 patients who were performed surgical treatment because of primary liver cancer with PVTT were analyzed retrospectively. Results Two hundreds and seventeen cases were performed surgical resection, 14 cases died from postoperative complications. The median survival time was 17.7 months, and the l-, 2-, 3-, and 5-year survival rates were 61.9%, 37.2%, 21.7%, and 4.0% respectively. There were 40 cases with PVTT ofⅠtype, the l-, 2-, 3-, and 5-year survival rates were 82.3% , 61.7%, 38.6%, and 6.6% respectively，which was obviously higher than those with PVTT of Ⅱ type （n=129, 61.1%, 34.3%, 20.8%, and 5.3%） and PVTT of Ⅲ type （n=48, 46.8%, 24.0%, 9.6%, and 0）, P＜0.05. There were 84 cases whose PVTT and tumor were resected together, the l-, 2-, 3-, and 5-year survival rates were 67.3%, 43.2%, 28.1%, and 7.9% respectively，which were obviously higher than those patients whose PVTT were removed from cross-section of liver （n= 85, 65.1%, 38.8%, 22.3%, and 3.4%） and patients whose PVTT were removed by cutting the portal vein （n=48, 46.8%, 24.0%, 9.6%, and 0）, P＜0.05. The l-, 2-, 3-, and 5-year survival rates of 76 cases who received postoperative therapy of TACE/TAI were 75.3%, 53.2%, 33.1%, and 5.7% respectively, which were obviously higher than those patients who were not received any postoperative therapy （n=141, 54.8%, 29.1%, 15.9%, and 3.2%）, P＜0.05. Conclusions Surgical treatment is an effective treatment for primary liver cancer with PVTT. Surgery should strive for resecting the tumor and PVTT together, and postoperative therapy of TACE/TAI may have a favorable effect on the long term survival rate.