Objective To summarize clinical electrophysiological features and efficacy of some of Anti-epileptic drugs(AEDs) of Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME).
Methods Clinical electrophysiological information of 101 outpatients with JME observed at Xuanwu Hospital from Jul. 2001 to Sep. 2014 was retrospectively analyzed, including the seizure types, trigger factors, electroencephalogram. We followed some of these patients and compared the efficacy between different AEDs. Result According to different seizure types, there are four subtypes: Myoclonus (MJ) only 11.88%, MJ+generalized tonic-clonic seizure(GTCS) 75.24%, MJ+GTCS+Absence(Abs) 11.88%, MJ+Abs 1.00%. Patients with typical ictal generalized poly-spike and waves (PSW) or spike and waves (SW) or spikes account for 96.80%. And 75.00% of patients have no MJ and 91.80% have no GTCS with valproic acid monotherapy. 65.00% and 88.24% of patients were seizure free of MJ and GTCS recpectively. But the difference of efficacy between these two drugs have no statistically significance. Sleep deprivation was the primary trigger factors, accounting for 16.83%.
Conclusion JME has clinical heterogeinety, clinicians should fully understand the whole condition of JME individual, including their clinical manifestation, EEG features, reaction to AEDs, trigger factors, habitual patterns and so on, in order to help making individualized therapy.
GAOYu, WEIXiaoshan, WANGYuping. Clinical electrophysiological features and efficacy of anti-epileptic drugs of patients with Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy. Journal of Epilepsy, 2016, 2(1): 9-13. doi: 10.7507/2096-0247.20160002