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find Author "GAO Li" 10 results
  • Evaluation of IBS-QOL Scale in Irritable Bowel Syndrome

    Objective To evaluate the reliability and validity of IBS-QOL scale in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) patients. Methods IBS-QOL scale was applied to survey the quality of life of 123 IBS patients. The split-half and internal consistency method were used to evaluate the reliability, and with the construct method to evaluate the validity. Results The split-half reliability was 0.86. Cronbach’s α-coefficient of all domains was between 0.71 and 0.89 except body image and food avoidance; In the correlation analysis, the correlations between items and its subscale structure were above 0.60 (except interference with activity), but there were no correlations between items and other subscale structure. Eight components from factorial analysis were in accordance with theoretical structure.The cumulative contribution rate was 72.7%. Conclusions The reliability and validity of IBS-QOL scale are acceptable. It might be useful for us to assess the QOL of IBS patients in China.

    Release date:2016-08-25 03:33 Export PDF Favorites Scan
  • 糖尿病视网膜病变免散瞳数码眼底照相筛查

    Release date:2016-09-02 05:37 Export PDF Favorites Scan
  • Practical effect of standardized management path for inpatients with chronic and difficult-to-heal wounds

    ObjectiveTo explore the practical effect of standardized management path for inpatients with chronic and difficult-to-heal wounds.MethodsThe inpatients with chronic and difficult-to-heal wounds in People’s Hospital of Deyang City from July 2015 to June 2019 were collected. According to the random number table, the patients were divided into control group and intervention group. The control group were given routine management and the intervention group were given standardized management. Skin symptoms, Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), wound healing time, length of hospital stay, efficacy, complications, satisfaction and scar hyperplasia were recorded and compared.ResultsA total of 605 patients were included. There were 314 cases in the control group and 291 cases in the intervention group. Before treatment, there was no significant difference in skin symptom score or VAS score between the two groups (P>0.05); after treatment, the skin symptom scores and VAS scores of the two groups decreased (P<0.05), and the scores in the intervention group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.05). The wound healing time [(24.21±1.42) vs. (18.59±1.63) d; t=45.301, P<0.001] and length of hospital stay [(26.97±1.54) vs. (20.03±1.42) d; t=57.492, P<0.001] in the intervention group were shorter than those in the control group. All patients were followed up. The total effective rate (χ2=3.911, P=0.048) and satisfaction (χ2=4.340, P=0.037) of the intervention group were higher than those of the control group. The degree of scar hyperplasia (Z=4.913, P<0.001) and the incidence of complications (P=0.039) of the intervention group were also lower than those of the control group.ConclusionsThe standardized management of hospitalized patients can significantly shorten the chronic and difficult-to-heal wounds healing time, reduce the occurrence of complications, improve the patient’s satisfaction and prognosis. It is worthy of clinical application.

    Release date:2021-07-22 06:32 Export PDF Favorites Scan
  • An Epidemiological Study on the Hypertension and Cerebral Stroke in Ganzi Tibetan State

    Objective To investigate the current prevalence of cerebral stroke and hypertension in Ganzi Tibetan state, so as to control stroke and hypertension in future. Methods A representative people sample of Kangding, Dege, Ganzi, Litang and Batang county was selected through randomized cluster sampling. Data of demographic characteristics, hypertension and stroke status were collected by face-to-face interview. Results 5 049 people were included, of which 48.6% were male, and 51.4% were female. The prevalence rate of hypertension and stroke were 23.4% and 1 894/100 000 respectively. The population with hypertension had high prevalence of stroke. The prevalence increased along with the age. Conclusions The prevalence of hypertension and stroke is high in Ganzi Tibetan state. The causes may be ascribed to special geography surroundings and life style. It is very important to pay more attention to prevent and control of hypertension and stroke in this area.

    Release date:2016-09-07 10:58 Export PDF Favorites Scan
  • Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials about Comparison Mycophenolate Mofetil and Azathioprine after Renal Transplantation

    Objective To evaluate the efficacy of mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF) and azathioprine (AZA) after renal transplantation. Method Searching: Medline, Embase, Cochrane library and Chinese Biomedicine database (CBM); identified the randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and applied Revman 4.11 for statistical analyses. Results Twenty-two RCTs were identified, involving MMF and AZA for anti-rejection after renal transplantation. The data shown that MMF (2 g/d) was more beneficial than AZA in improving the graft survival rate of short periods and the long-term patient survival rate, but there was no statistical differences between MMF (3 g/d) with AZA. Whether in 6 months or in 1 year after renal transplantation, the use of MMF (2 g/d) or MMF (3 g/d) could markedly reduce the incidence of biopsy-proven rejection. Conclusions Comparing with AZA, MMF is a more potent immunosuppressive drug, and more efficient in reducing the acute rejection after renal transplantation. MMF can improve the graft and patient survival rate. The 2 gram per day is more acceptable.

    Release date:2016-09-07 02:27 Export PDF Favorites Scan
  • Research progress on characteristics and applications of melanin nanoparticles

    Melanin nanoparticles (MNPs) not only retain the inherent characteristics of melanin (metal ion chelation, photothermal conversion property, etc.), but also can exhibit more excellent properties, such as high dispersion stability, good biocompatibility and biodegradability, etc. Furthermore, these performances can be enhanced to target the specific sites and treat diseases by the surface modification or combination with functional substance. In this paper, the characteristics, preparation methods and applications of MNPs were reviewed. It provides a reference for further development of application for MNPs, and theoretical basis for practice in biology, medicine and so on.

    Release date:2017-12-21 05:21 Export PDF Favorites Scan
  • Effect of ELOVL6 gene on large artery atherosclerosis stroke risk in Han Chinese population in Chengdu

    ObjectiveTo explore the association of elongase of very long chain fatty acids family member 6 (ELOVL6) gene with increased risk of large-artery atherosclerosis stroke (LAA) in Han Chinese population in Chengdu.MethodsHan Chinese populations in Chengdu, Sichuan were chosen for this study using the case-control design between January 2015 and December 2017. The genotypes and haplotypes of six single nucleotides polymorphisms (SNPs) of ELOVL6 gene (rs3813825, rs17041272, rs4141123, rs9997926, rs6824447, and rs12504538) were analyzed in different genetic models in entire samples, and gene-enviromental interaction analyses were also carried out to get an insight of the risk factors for LAA. At the same time, we also analyzed the gene expression profile in peripheral blood mononuclear cells between groups.ResultsA total of 240 LAA cases and 211 healthy controls were enrolled in this study. All the enrolled subjects presented CC genotype of rs9997926, while the other five SNPs (rs3813825, rs17041272, rs4141123, rs6824447, and rs12504538) were genotyped successfully in all the enrolled subjects. rs17041272 polymorphism and TGTTG haplotype were significantly associated with LAA risk in studied population [CC/(CG+GG): odds ratio (OR)=0.640, 95% confidence interval (CI) (0.423, 0.968), P=0.034; TGTTG: OR=1.776, 95%CI (1.069, 2.951), P=0.024], and the interaction among rs17041272, rs6824447 SNPs and dyslipidemia increased susceptibility to LAA [OR=2.737, 95%CI (1.715, 4.368), P<0.001]. The ELOVL6 gene expression level was higher in LAA subjects (t=−3.167, P=0.003).ConclusionsELOVL6 gene is associated with LAA risk in Han nationality of Chinese population in Chengdu, and the interaction of gene-environmental risk factors could be of great importance in pathophysiology of LAA.

    Release date:2019-11-25 04:42 Export PDF Favorites Scan
  • Clinical observation of rapamycin in the treatment of tuberous sclerosis complicated with refractory epilepsy

    ObjectiveTo analyze the clinical efficacy and safety of rapamycin in the treatment of Tuberous sclerosis complex ( TSC ) complicated with refractory epilepsy, and to provide scientific basis for the clinical treatment of this disease.MethodsRetrospective analysis was performed on 22 children with TSC complicated with refractory epilepsy admitted to Henan People's Hospital from 2017 to 2019, including 11 males and 11 females who met the inclusion criteria, with an average age of (27.91±36.92) months. They were treated with antiepileptic drugs and rapamycin at the same time, and followed up for at least 1 year.To observe the change of seizure frequency before and after treatment with rapamycin.ResultsThe mean reduction rate of seizure frequency in children with tuberous sclerosis complicated with refractory epilepsy was 52.1% 6 months after the addition of rapamycin, and 51.2% 12 months after the addition of rapamycin. The number of seizure-free days could be maintained. The difference before and after the addition of rapamycin was statistically significant (P<0.05).ConclusionThe addition of rapamycin in the treatment of TSC complicated with refractory epilepsy can reduce the frequency of seizure and increase the number of days without seizure, and the adverse reactions are mild/moderate. Rapamycin has certain safety in children with regular follow-up.

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  • Genotype phenotype analysis and clinical research of 95 cases of children with epilepsy

    ObjectiveWe have summarized the clinical features of some refractory or genetically related children with epilepsy in clinical diagnosis and treatment and carried out the two generation of high-throughput gene sequencing and generation of verification on them. To analyze the relationship between mutant genes and epilepsy, to understand the genetic pattern of children and to look for possible pathogenic or disease causing mutation.MethodsEstablish a complete pedigree database for 95 children and their parents diagnosed in pediatric neurology clinic in our hospital from septeuber 2014 to Deceln ber 2016, and carry out gene testing on them by using two generation high-throughput gene sequencing. Then we have the analysis on the basis of clinical features and gene type in children.ResultsRefractory or genetically related children had a smaller age range and had a variety of clinical features. Most of them (47/95, 49.5%)needed two or more drugs for treatment; 28.4% of them was controlled which was about 27cases; 21.1% of them was effective which was about 20 cases; 33.7% of them was marked which was about 32 cases; 12.6% of them was of no effect which was about 12 cases; 4.2% of them was missed which was about 4 cases. a small number of children (18/95, 18.9%)had poor prognosis and accompanied with exercise and mental retardation. Genotype detection results: pathogenic genes of total 16 cases (16.8%)were cleared; there were about a total of 21 cases (22.1%)of possible pathogenic gene; there were about a total of 30 cases (31.6%)of non pathogenic gene; a total of 28 cases were not detected mutated gene which was about 29.5%.ConclusionsWe have found two new virulence gene of CASK and BRAF which had few reports in China and expanded the number of genes associated with neural development and epilepsy associated genes; the clinical characteristics of SCNIA gene mutations in Dravet syndrome were more serious which include earlier onset, frequent seizures and poor treatment effect; most children with specific causative genes required the combined use of two or more Anti-epileptic drugs, which has difficulties in treatme.

    Release date:2017-11-27 02:36 Export PDF Favorites Scan
  • Analysis of genotypes and clinical phenotypes in two children with convulsions as the first symptom of hypoglycemia

    ObjectiveTo recognize the convulsion caused by hypoglycemia, and to analyze its genotype and clinical phenotype, so as to deepen the understanding of hyperinsulinemia.MethodFull exon detection were performed on 2 children with hypoglycemia and convulsions, who had been treated with antiepileptic drugs for 1 year in pediatric neurology department, Henan Provincial People’s Hospital in 2012 and 2014 respectively, but with poor curative effect.ResultABCC8 gene mutations were found in a child. The mutations located in Chromosome 11, with the nucleic acid changes of c.4607C>T (exon38) and the amino acid change of p.A1536V, rs745918247. The inheritancemode of ABCC8 gene could be autosomal dominant or autosomal recessive inheritance. Both of the parents were wild type on this genelocus. The gene mutation is associated with type 1 familial hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia/nesidioblastosis. The other child was carrying GLUD1 gene mutation, witch is located in chromosome 10, with the nucleic acid changes of c.1498G>A (exon12) and the amino acid change of p.A500T. The inheritance mode of GLUD1 gene is autosomal dominant andthe child’s parents were both wild type. This gene mutationis associated with type 6 familial hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia/nesidioblastosis. The 2 mutations have not been reported, which are new mutations.ConclusionMutations in these 2 gene loci may be the underlying cause of hypoglycemic convulsions, and are the best explanation for the poor convulsionscontrol of antiepileptic drugs.

    Release date:2018-03-20 04:09 Export PDF Favorites Scan
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