Adenoid hypertrophy in children with epilepsy is rarely reported. This paper analyzes the clinical characteristics and incidence of adenoid hypertrophy in children with epilepsy.Methods The clinical data in children with epilepsy from December 2014 to April 2020 in Shenzhen Children's hospital were analyzed retrospectively.Results There were 449 cases diagnosed with adenoid hypertrophy (2.74%) in 16387 children with epilepsy. Among 449 cases of adenoid hypertrophy, 276 males (61.47%) and 173 females (38.53%). The age distribution was: 28 days to 1 year old, 8 cases (2%); 1-3 years old, 78 cases (17%); 3-6 years old 167 cases (37%); 6-12 years old, 153 cases (34%); 12-18 years old, 43 cases (10%). In 40 patients the IgG antibody were positive for EB capsid antigen in 25 (62.5%). In 56 cases of EB virus DNA were detected by fluorescence quantitative PCR, 25 (44.64%) positive, and 21/44 cases (47.72%) were positive by general nucleic acid detection of enteroviruses. The neutrophil reduction rate in peripheral blood was 42.19% in 673 tests, lymphocyteincreased in 292 (43.38%), platelet count increased in 307 (45.61%), abnormal in platelet hematocrit in 311 (46.21%); the mean volume of RBC was decreased in319 (47.39%) tests. The content of was reduced in 20/55 cases (36.36%). 25-hydroxy vitamin D was 33 (44.5%) decreased in 74 cases. The blood glucose was measured in 146 cases, 60 (41.09%) increased, total cholesterol was 31 (40.78%) increased in 76 cases, serum C peptide was 12 (29.26%) increased in 41 cases.Conclusion Adenoid hypertrophy in children with epilepsy may be related to infection, inflammation or immune disorder, which may cause nutritional, metabolic or internal environment disorders. Therefore, there is need of nursing and health education, transferring to specialized centers for diagnosis and treatment.
JIANG Yumei, LING Zhijuan, SU Ying, YE Jinghua, PAN Hongguang, LI Lan, YE Yuanzhen, HU Zhanqi, CAO Dezhi, LIAO Jianxiang. A preliminary investigation of adenoid hypertrophy in children with epilepsy. Journal of Epilepsy, 2021, 7(5): 397-401. doi: 10.7507/2096-0247.20210064